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By Robert E. Forman

Martha Wennerholm

Wennerholms arrived in America

Anna died of Tuberculosis

Finding a home for the girls

Washburn Memorial Children's Home

Leaving the orphanage

Graduating from the University of Minnesota

First teaching job at West Concord in Minnesota

Home town boy meets the new teacher

Courtship and marriage

James and Martha Linsley

Dreaming of a farm

A job with the streetcar company

A family: Ruth and John are born

My Journal Begins...


By Ruth Anne Linsley Forman

 Button1. A Farm of Our Own

The streetcar life and schedule

Daddy's dream of a farm

Northern Minnesota farmland is affordable

Mother is prepared for adversity

Looking for a farm

Buying the farm — sight unseen

One year later — the first visit

Farming during the Great Depression era

The decision to move

 Button2. The Move

Waking up on moving day

Packing the trailer

Driving to the farm

Problems with the car and trailer

Conquering Wild Horse Hill

Arrival at our new home

Hauling water

Dining al fresco

Camping outside the first night

 Button3. Settling In

The first breakfast

The big clean-up

Hauling trash

Salvaging wood from the old barn

To Park Rapids for building supplies and groceries

An epic cleaning job

Daddy's remodeling projects

New windows and tar paper

A wood burning cook stove

Ready for furniture and cabinets

Planting the garden

Daddy's 39th birthday celebration

Birthday cake baked in the wood stove

We try to forget he's leaving

The worst good bye...

Daddy heads back to Minneapolis

Alone at the farm ... will our tears ever stop?

Mother keeps us busy clearing saplings

The first night alone...

The Letters Begin...

First Summer:

Letters for this chapterButton4. RFD (Rural Free Delivery)

The RFD System

Preparing for writing letters

Sharpening pencils with his pocket knife

Tablets and supplies

Meeting the mailman

RFD routes for both Park Rapids and Nevis

Daddy's first three letters arrive on the same day

Daddy sends mechanical pencils

Our new mail box

Mailing packages

Less than fifty cents for twenty pounds

Overnight delivery

Mailing meat, fruit and vegetables

The mailman takes special care of our packages

 Button5. Adjusting to Our New Routine

Fresh air in the country

The "little-house"

Our city cat becomes a predator

Getting fresh milk at the Jensen's (every morning)

Hauling wood

Mother downs trees with an ax

Clearing the grounds and yard

Hand sewing new curtains

The first rain

"We almost drowned" in the cabin

Pans set everywhere for leaking rainwater

Keeping the Sabbath — a walk in the woods

Finding our first and only Moccasin flowers — June 26th 1932

Startled by an owl

Discovering ant hills — the hard way

Mother wants more farm animals

Troubling news about Daddy's streetcar job

Problems with low seniority

Not enough regular work

His new schedule has fewer hours

Looking forward to daddy's July 4th visit

Please send sparklers, cap guns - and extra caps

Daddy goes to his parent's house instead

He's worried about their health

Mother is not happy...

Mother wants a new home on our property in the future

She wants to stay at the farm this winter

 Button6. Lazy Days and Country Work

Playing in the hot afternoons

Sponge baths and washtub soaks

Cultivating the garden

Shoes are for town only

Lemonade and sugar cookies (all you can eat)

The new garden and Dwarf Iris

Daddy writes news from Minneapolis

He's learning to cook

The chiseler's list and extra work

The biggest chore — laundry & ironing

Mailing laundry, cookies and bread

Tommy cat learns to hunt

A stray tomcat is "fighting" with The Mother Cat

New kittens on the last day of August

The Watkins man

Surprise visit from daddy's sisters

Mother's post-unexpected-guest yard clean-up campaign

Letters for this chapterButton7. Making the Cabin Cozy

Daddy takes a month leave to get us ready for winter

Another trailer of supplies and furniture

Finally, real chairs

Our wind-up phonograph and records

Daddy's home improvements

A sturdy roof

A sound ceiling and attic storage space

A new improved "little-house"

Mother picks wild berries for jelly

Canning on the wood stove

Filling cellar shelves for "when the snow flies"

First Fall:

Letters for this chapterButton8. Starting School

My new school dress

Raingear, lunch pails and schools supplies

Our new schoolhouse and playground

Girls: barefoot, wearing two dresses, with holes in different places

Boys: barefoot and patched overalls

Miss Eula

The school bell

We're the newcomers

Mother is home alone

Anarchy in the classroom

The lunch-pail thief exposed

 Button9. Preparing for Winter

Daddy's news from Minneapolis

Forced to drive the streetcar now (no longer just a Conductor)

A split shift — thirteen hours - paid for 6 hr. 13 min.

Kittens and our unsuccessful euthanasia trauma

Daddy comes late in September for winter preparations

A new wood stove heater & firewood

The Kitten's final burial

Teaching mother to drive

Behind the wheel her wild alter ego takes over

Daddy's much too "slow and conservative"

Driving daddy to the train station in Park Rapids

Mother alone at the wheel for the first time

Oh THAT telephone pole...

Off the right shoulder - overhanging a ditch

On the road again

Scaling the sandy hill

Finally dropped off at the school

I'm in the girl's outhouse the rest of the afternoon...

Letters for this chapterButton10. Final Winter Preparations

Mother finishes the front room renovation

Finally, the remaining furniture

Chopping, splitting, and carrying wood for two stoves

Our new heater can't hold a fire all night

Pile on bedding - and fire up the stove early

Strips of cloth crammed in all cracks

New curtains for bare windows

Spending the day at Bliss's

Slaughtering the pig

Blood soup, blood sausage and head cheese

Back home from the day's adventure

Bliss's drop by to sell half a ham for 50 cents

The furnace at school goes out

My ear infection

Mother's barbed wire puncture wound

Letters for this chapterButton11. Winter Prelude & Thanksgiving

Following animal tracks in the snow

Smearing John's leather boots with lard

"We don't waste a speck or a drop of anything"

Brilliant sunsets, bone-chilling winds, and woolen mufflers

Twelve degrees below zero - and ice inside the cabin

Laundry freeze dries outside on the clothesline

Daddy's instructions for the Model-T in winter:

Keep the car battery in the cellar

Fill (and drain) the radiator for each trip

Heat water on the stove to warm the engine

Jack a rear wheel off the ground to help the engine turn over

Daddy can't take off work for Thanksgiving with us

John and I make a log house out of the wood pile

Thanksgiving Day

Daddy spends Thanksgiving at the streetcar barn

He earns one dollar for two hours work

A lonely holiday feast...

First Winter:

Letters for this chapterButton12. Anarchy in the Classroom

Good grades - but learning little

John reads adult level books

Mother pulls us out of class to home school

Daddy sends books and supplies for teaching

The State compulsory attendance requirement fine is $50

Miss Eula reports us to the superintendent

We're back to school...

Mother Meets with the Superintendent

John is a gifted student who skipped first grade

Miss Eula is 19 with one year of training past high school

He sides with Miss Eula

Parents must force their children to behave in her class

John is never challenged in the classroom

Not allowed to read independently

Given "busy work" when assignments are done early

He delights in subtle torment to show his displeasure

Letters for this chapterButton13. Christmas at the Farm

Daddy is Santa's helper

Mother is the custodian of wrapped presents

She gets frostbitten fingers

She keeps us home on bitter cold days (-22 degrees)

The Bliss's deliver a surprise fresh Christmas tree

John and I make decorations

Mother bakes Christmas cookies and fruit cake in the wood stove

John "sends" his letter to Santa - by burning it in the stove

Daddy's train arrives during our Christmas program rehearsal

A perfect family Christmas program and party at school

Our own Christmas celebration

Lighting the tree with candles

Hanging the stockings

Daddy remembers the Christmas top — year 64

Christmas morning

A stranger comes knocking

John splits kindling with his new ax

Playing cards and reading new books

Home cooking, fudge, and popcorn

Time for daddy to leave

Drifting snow and winds on the road to Park Rapids

A stranger drives our car past the biggest drifts

Full scale blizzard by the time we're Home

Drain the radiator; bring in the battery, cover the car

Letters for this chapterButton14. The Moonlight Wolf Caper

We hear the wolves howling

No more going out alone at night

The lamb pelt tanning disaster

The Model-T is our meat freezer

A daring moonlight adventure — on the shed roof

We abruptly abort the mission

John feigns a wolf attack on my way back from the "little-house"

Letters for this chapterButton15. School Vacation

After Christmas, no school until early February

Winter chores and shoveling

The cat learns winter bird hunting

Dolls, Crafts, and pastimes

I sew a rag doll

John makes a bow and arrows with his pocket knife

John sews a boy rag doll

The dolls get married and move into a house

We build their starter home from a fruit crate

We make furnishings from spools and cardboard boxes

Mother makes a quilt with lamb wool filler and flannel scraps

We read books out loud to each other

The jig saw puzzle craze begins

We exchange puzzles by mail

John and I draw house plans with vast filled storerooms

Making a farm with paste and colored paper

The first sign of spring - new seed catalogs arrive

Letters for this chapterButton16. Back to School Again

First three days back (-12, -32 & -38 degrees) mother keeps us home

We keep a two foot stack of dry wood Inside at all times

Mother begins classes for us at home

John and I deliver mail with toy airplanes made of matchboxes

We all pore over seed catalogs

The mailman does not miss a day

Delivers our packages of food — so it doesn't freeze

Playing doctor and dentist — with mother and Betty June as patients

Back to school after the cold snap

John and Miss Eula resume their battle

John is kicked out of school

Daddy sends John's Minneapolis school records

Daddy sends textbooks and new maps

The pump goes out and we have no water

The pump freezes solid every morning

Mother wraps it in kerosene-soaked rags and lights it

Daddy mails presents and a dozen eggs for John's birthday cake

 Button17. Life at the Orphanage...

We start talking while reading "Little Women"

Some characters had experiences like Mother's

I never heard about her early life

Her mother became ill with tuberculosis while pregnant

Then her mother and baby brother died

Her father had no family to help

He turned to his church, the Swedish Tabernacle

One family agreed to take Jane

The only couple willing to take mother wanted to adopt her

He placed mother in the Washburn Children's Home

She was three years old

There were over one hundred children

Relatives could visit only once every three months

Staff ground away at her individuality

One staff lady tried to break her spirit

Orphan's underwear — exposed on the bus

Mrs. Farnsworth, one of her teachers, was her life mentor

At 13 — A gold watch, certificate of deportment — and freedom

Mother always defended Washburn — they did the best they could

First Spring:

Letters for this chapterButton18. A Puppy, New Garden, and Home School

Temperatures swing from 50 above to 20 below

Lists from the seed catalogs — and changing our mind

Back to school "to find out how things are"

Things are the same

Mother decides we need a break in Minneapolis

Our stay in the city doesn't live up to expectations

One bright spot — Mitzi joins the family

Mitzi is a great traveler

Back at the farm, at last

Mitzi meets The Mother Cat

Territorial feuds ensue

Daddy now has more work than he can handle

One accident and you're fired

Streetcars have manual windshield wipers

Mediocre brakes — slippery when wet

Company news: A pay cut from 55 cents to 50 cents per hour

He hates every minute of it...

A new teacher for the next school year!

The new garden

We mail our final seed list to Daddy

We start tomatoes and cabbages from seed inside

240 tomato plants and 100 cabbages to transplant

Mother resumes home classes again for the rest of the year

We pass all exams and attend the year-end school picnic

Daddy got flowers for mother's family graves on Memorial Day

Second Summer:

Letters for this chapterButton19. Adventures and Mishaps

We're weeding our garden in 100 degree heat

All plants are limp and stunted

Mother buys new screens and a door for $3.75

A trip to town for daddy's birthday gifts

Up Dorsett Hill — we lose transmission and brakes

Mother climbs out the car window

Neighbors tip the car right side up

A loose floorboard had blocked the pedals

Our neighbor from Finland fixes the floor board

The beauty of Model-T cars

They can be fixed with hammer and nails

Every man knows how

Mitzi and the cat negotiate a truce

Her favorite game is chasing cars

She finally chases one car too close...

John and I make a stretcher to carry her

Mother says no bones are broken

We carry her out on the stretcher to relieve herself

Mother's Caster oil remedies and steady healing

Limping - and a wag forever stilled

Letters for this chapterButton20. Harvesting, Canning, and Older Kid's Games

Sweet corn to eat and dry

Canning peaches and grape jam

72 pounds of beef for $4.35

22 quarts of home canned beef

Mother does sit-ups to keep in shape

John and I play when not doing chores

War games — dispatching for Captain John D. Linsley

Offices with a system of telegraph wires

Airplanes from old boards and peach crates

Daddy comes for a quick visit before winter

A new pine cupboard and hinged drop-down counter

A dog house for Mitzi

Mitzi refuses to use the doghouse

John and I turn it into a playhouse

Mitzi runs freely again — but avoids cars

Daddy heads back to Minneapolis before school starts

Second Fall:

 Button21. The New School Year

New Dress — a day late

Miss Molly — the polar opposite of Miss Eula

Older, louder, heavier — disciplinarian

A shorter fuse — very much shorter

Punishment prompt and impartial

Respect through abject fear

One infraction — everyone stays after school

Mother — just try to avoid trouble...

Mitzi has no one to play with

Whines to be let out shortly before we come home

Races to meet us as soon as we're over the hill

Miss Molly is an impartial tyrant

Glowering and foot stomping

Terrifying the students

Mother is ready to home-school again

In early November our lunches freeze solid before noon

 Button22. Labor and Mortgage Problems

Daddy's news from Minneapolis

New Federal mortgage legislation to help farmers

Company does not approve Thanksgiving time off

One work day 19 hours: 4:24 PM Sunday to 9:49 AM Monday

Dangerous streetcar driving conditions

Rails hazardous in every season

Daddy's friend electrocuted fixing a trolley wire

Ice on the wire makes spectacular sparks

Daddy's friend's daughter is killed when their house burns down

Daddy inquires about a loan at the Federal Land Bank

Their farm mortgage and taxes are late

We save Wheaties coupons for new silverware

The owner of our mortgage wants payments

All focus is on getting the Federal loan

Second Winter:

 Button23. Holiday Preparations

October 28: The first holiday hints and gift requests

Mother: Let's spend $10 on Christmas, and pay the mortgage

A gun for John, a wristwatch for me, and a quilt frame for mother

By late November — John wants a watch instead

I write Santa on December first

Wrist watch and a map of the world

A pencil box or a ring

John puts off writing Santa

Five degrees below zero — new Pjs for John

The school Christmas program

School's out for the holiday

Secrets, wrapping, and tags

Threats, peeking, and mischief

Cutting down the tree

John and I with the ax and bucksaw

It's not like splitting kindling

More persistence than skill


Head back triumphantly, dragging our prize

 Button24. Our Legendary Christmas

Decorating the tree Christmas Eve

The temperature plummets below zero

Snow and drifting blizzard winds

We don't know when — or how — daddy is coming

Sweep up the tree needles — where is daddy?

Mother fixes our dinner after dark

Mitzi paces underfoot all day - sniffing at the doors

Our mind is far away from dinner

Can daddy make it through the storm?

Hanging our Christmas stockings

Howling wind and swirling snow

Mitzi continues prowling...

She jolts us awake with frantic barks at the back door

"Martha I'm here — it's me, Jim"

Snow covered and frost bitten cheeks

Frozen mustache and eyebrows

We pull off his coats and start a fire

It's 6:00 AM

Daddy's journey from Park Rapids — 14 miles in a blizzard

Arrived at the station at 10:00PM

No way to get home

So close and yet so far

Set out on foot

Sheepskin coat, knee high boots, and fur cap with earflaps

Strapped an army blanket, rolled up with presents, over his shoulder

A flashlight with extra batteries

Telephone poles were his only guide

Spotted each pole with the flashlight, and headed toward it

Stopped in a barn at 2:00 AM to remove snow from his boots

Rested and warmed by the animals

Completed the last miles to our door

Warmed, fed, and rested - we open presents

Our greatest gift is our father — and his perilous walk to be with us

 Button25. More Wolves, Snow, and Miss Molly Warfare

Molly starts school right after New Years — No January break

Deep drifts and sub-zero temperatures

Wolves howling at night

The cat sleeps under mother's bed

Mitzi goes into heat for the first time

Daddy applies for the new Federal loan in Nevis

Mother keeps us home on the worst days

Molly insists John do busywork in his extra time

Why can't he just read?

Daddy's work schedule increases

Second Spring:

 Button26. Our First Livestock — The Six Chicks

Spurned dog house becomes a house for pullets

Free range bugs and seeds

The evening round-up

Mitzi and the cat adapt to the new arrivals

January 16, 1934: The first egg

Frostbitten combs, no eggs

Sand and oyster shells — yum...

Eggs again at last

Mailing eggs to daddy

John and I earn .15 cents per dozen

Mother attends county poultry meetings

Ours are among the best layers in the county

 Button27. Our Beloved Mitzi

Mitzi escapes once while in heat

She's eating more and getting heavier

We're all excited, waiting for new puppies

Contractions begin

A tiny paw appears — but labor is not going normally

Mother tries to help by pulling the paw

Mother is crying

The car accident damaged her birth canal

I reluctantly head to school, but John stays

He meets me near Jensen's after school

I know it's bad news...

We can barely look at her body

She's in her bed covered by a piece of blanket

Mother stays in the kitchen staring at the sunset

On his next visit, daddy buries Mitzi in the grove...

 Button28. Birthdays

John's jack knife escapades

A new knife tops his birthday list

His knives tend to disappear in the woods

His new one has a chain

The first day, he cuts two fingers

John's home-made arsenal

Three bows and an arrow

A wooden knife

A stone hatchet

John's March birthday cook-out

Wieners over a Campfire in the grove

My April birthday cook-out disaster

Mitzi's not here to celebrate

Mother transplants dwarf iris over Mitzi's grave...

 Button29. The Mortgage Deal Implodes

Daddy meets the loan officer in Wadena

The mortgage owner might accept a reduced amount

A signed application — and eleven dollars for processing

Daddy trusts they know the best way

A Federal Bureau representative visits

Our loan officer and mortgage holder cheated us

We should own the place outright by now

Mother does more checking on her own

He had sold our farm before — for more than it was worth

When they couldn't pay — he got it back

The property taxes are $150 — or good clothes for a whole year

Let's plant an early garden, raise chickens - and leave in time for school

Withdraw the loan application — now

 Button30. Neighbor Disputes

Rumors of a "Farm Holiday" strike

Two cows sold for $7.50 (with a $4.00 hauling charge)

Our new load of wood is green ... poplar

Jensens agreed to supply all our wood in trade for using the land

Mother thinks we should renegotiate

When they come for hay mother tries to stop them

She stands in front of their wagon and horses

They charge forward

She darts out of the way, just in time

Mother writes the sheriff

Poverty is everywhere

 Button31. From Chicks to Flock

Ordering chicks from the hatchery — Mid May

John and I invest our savings

25 chicks apiece — We each choose a variety

Early June — the mailman honks and waits

3 large flat boxes — with holes

Peeping chicks on the living room floor

Hot water in mason jars to keep warm overnight

The cat — "a little too interested" — stays outside

Higher boxes, more food, real feathers

Returning from our weekly shopping in Park Rapids

All 75 chickens have escaped their boxes

Roosting on every surface in the cabin

Laughing so hard — before clean-up detail

The chickens move to their new quarters

Finally free to forage in the yard

Screen door slamming means time to eat

We learn to close the door quietly

Favorite roosting places — the car axle and bumpers

Young roosters practice the art of crowing

 Button32. Minneapolis Labor Conflict: The Gathering Storm

Mixed feelings about the union

Laborers up in arms — nothing in the newspaper

Negotiating the contract

We may strike any day

Watch the newspapers...

Vote for a strike scheduled

The company sends election crashers to the meeting

Mother is convinced "You stick by the union"

The company gathers scab workers in case of a strike

No news reported, from the union's side

Danger of a strike is over

August first — new wages in effect

One man cars — 60 cents per hour

Two man cars — 56 cents per hour

Daddy: "...making pretty good dough the last few days"

Mother: "...60 cents per hour looks good to me."

Third Summer:

 Button33. School, Chores, and Growing Up

School finally ends

Laughter only one time the whole year

"Shut your mouth and keep reading!"

We've been in class just enough to prevent legal action

We do our chores as quickly and easily as mother

Mother insists I'm "getting too old" to wear just overalls

I discover romance amid the ambushing in western novels

Mother and I shop for intimate apparel in Park Rapids

I'm fitted for one of "those things"

The most telling loss of my childhood...

I still play with Betty June and paper dolls

John seems younger

My letters are longer and more complex

I interpret events instead of just describing them

 Button34. Leaving the Farm

It's too late — even if mortgage relief comes

It's the most brutal summer of the century

One rain all summer

Daddy's friend lets his starving cows graze in the hay field

On June 21st a neighbor pays mother one dollar "for the rye"

It's our first and only cash income for the farm

Daddy: I want you and the children with me

He places an ad in the paper

A promising reply to our ad

A new address for daddy's letters

A real house again

His last letter

"I'll be there Tuesday August 28th — a raring to go"

The truck arrives and they begin loading

The truck pulls away — with two years of my life...

Mother and I sweep out the cabin, for the last time

With everything gone, we see the rough hewn crudeness

We've done a lot of living here

We close and lock the back door

Outside we take a last look remembering...

The house looks older without yellow curtains

Our adventure is over — but I will never be the same...

Epilogue and Postscripts:

 ButtonIn the City — A New Neighborhood

In the City - A New Neighborhood

We lived in luxury - wallpaper, electric lights, inside bathroom

A room of my own and friends next door

A sidewalk for roller-skating

A corner store with ice cream cones

Then school began ...

A sense of loss

John and I felt marginal

We thought we would revert to pre-farm ways

But we were changed ...

On the farm they called us "city kids"

Suddenly we were the "farm kids"

We were misfits ...

We knew things they didn't know

We split kindling, washed clothes by hand

John was an expert rifleman

I baked in a wood stove and used sadirons

We began to share our one-room school experiences

We hunted for wintergreen in the woods & hid it in our desks

We heated our lunches on the woodstove

Played Andy-Andy-Over across the pump house roof

Tales of Miss Eula and flying erasers

Our status increased considerably

Neighbor kids wanted to walk home with me to hear the stories

With our letter writing and reading out loud - I was ahead of my class

When we studied pioneer history, I had personal stories to share

I had a permanently different perspective

I concluded I was born a hundred years too late....

 ButtonOur First Visit Back to the Farm

We all went back to visit the farm three years later

Our new Ford V-8 made Crazy Horse Hill with ease

We were still the legal owners

The family living there were our tenants - but stopped paying rent

We rented a tent and camped for five weeks in the grove

We picked berries, fished and explored the woods

Mother canned berries with the camp stove

Our house had deteriorated

Filthy and infested with bugs

Clothes hanging on random nails in the walls

The pump broken ... again

When Daddy's vacation was over, he went back to Minneapolis

We were back to writing letters again

Mother was upset with the new tenants' spending

They owed 3 years rent

Bought a battery for their radio

Drove a hundred miles for one quart of berries

Cut and sold timber from our land

You have a week to be off the premises ...

Banned from our own mailbox

Back to meeting the mailman every day

Eviction drama

Tenants "flew off the handle"

Drove off to relatives house

Mother gave written notice to leave

Their attorney said 30 days notice required

Not when they stole wood and owed 3 years rent

They came back with several male relatives

Everyone said 30 days notice required

Mother said no

They pleaded with the sheriff

5 days notice - then your belongings go on the road

They moved out

We never cleaned and scrubbed the cabin again

We stayed in our clean tent

Daddy came back for two more weeks of camping and fishing

What could they do with the farm?

Sell it?

Refinance it with a smaller mortgage?

We returned to our own home in Minneapolis - bought a year earlier

We never salvaged any investment in the farm ...

 ButtonTen Years Later — and Beyond

I stopped by the place in 1947 with my husband of two years

Returning from a camping vacation

The house had deteriorated even more

Not even safe to enter

My favorite shade trees were gone

We drove to the schoolhouse

Ate lunch on the playground

We visited the farm again in 1958 with our three kids

A featured stop on our camping trip

We counted the miles from Park Rapids

Recounting my father's walk on Christmas Eve

The house was still in the grove

Sagging in decay

Hard to picture my cozy haven ...

My last stop in 1985

The property went through another bankruptcy

Leveled the land for an irrigator

Only a few trees at one corner

All that remained of The Big Woods

No trace of the grove or house

No hint of our driveway

Total obliteration

We have photos and memories ...

The District #13 schoolhouse was abandoned

Students were bussed into town for school

Schoolhouse was moved to Nevis (sans bell tower)

Attached to the high school for a band practice room

Then a new school was built

Nothing remains of the building ...

We knocked at a large home, by the original school site

Dena Bliss is one of the girls from our class

We had not seen each other for over 50 years

We stayed for supper and overnight

Miss Eula never taught another class after ours

She lived in the area and worked as a sales clerk

After many years of teaching myself - I had empathy

 ButtonPost Scripts on Our Family

I graduated from the University of Minnesota in 1944

Degree in Education

First year of teaching in Bemidji Minnesota

The next larger town north of Park Rapids

I got practical training

Dealt with educational and disciplinary issues

Further training could have helped Miss Eula

I had the same botany professor as my mother

I wore mother's cap and gown for graduation

My father continued driving streetcar until they were phased out

In 1950s forced to switch to driving bus

He never liked his work

His greatest joy was making things for the grandchildren

A toy refrigerator (with wood from the farm's kitchen cabinet)

A streetcar riding toy

A model bus - with a photo of him driving

He planned not to work even one extra hour before retiring

His last run was in January of 1959

Renewed interest in target shooting

Wood carving was his major hobby

Farm wagons and horses

Harnesses and tack

Mostly blue ribbons at the fair

Died in 1974 after a short illness

Mother taught again for a few years during World War II

Helped with the teacher shortage and our college tuition

She taught science and math at high schools

Her jobs were in small towns north of Bemidji

Our family was separated again

In her 60s she took up a new hobby

Assembling electronic kits

Amplifier, AM FM tuner, a console TV set

My father made the cabinets

The mother cat lived to be 13 years old

We still use the same mailbox from the farm

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